LSD&FC aid in forensic investigation to convict Danish murderer

Since its first use in the mid-1980s to solve crime, forensic DNA testing has played an important role in the criminal justice system through aiding conviction of the guilty and exoneration of the innocent. It has also proved to be one of the most important and effective tools in crime investigation. When biological material is transferred between a perpetrator and victim in violent crimes such as murder and rape, the DNA recovered has the power to potentially identify the perpetrator. 

Forensic DNA analysis is being used to solve crimes globally. It can help when there are no eyewitnesses and no suspects. It is also useful to confirm or refute suspect/witness statements, reconstruct an incident, solve cold cases, and free convicts incarcerated for years. DNA is one of the most powerful forensic tools used by the police and prosecutors to bring criminals to justice by unequivocally linking them to a crime.  

An example of a case where forensics played a role in Nigeria, is the just concluded case between Peter Nielsen (the accused) and the Lagos State Government presided by Hon Justice Bolanle Okikiolu-Ighile. The accused was recently convicted on a 2-count charge of murder brought against him by the Lagos State Government in 2018. The Lagos State DNA and Forensic Center (LSD&FC) forensic scientists processed the crime scene, examined all evidence collected and performed DNA analysis of critical items of evidence, including fingernail clippings of one of the deceased. The forensic evidence submitted by LSD&FC assisted the investigators and prosecutors resolve the case. You can read the full story here: https://www.thestar.ng/dane-sentenced-to-death-for-killing-nigerian-wife-daughter/

Forensics investigation is no doubt a significant form of support for the criminal justice system and LSD&FC can help. For more information, contact LSD&FC via phone (+2348131123820) or email (info@lsdfc.org)

One more victim of Ikoyi building collapse identified

Forensic expert, Dr Richard Somiari, has informed an Ikeja Coroner’s Court that one of the five hitherto unidentified victims of the Nov. 1, 2021, 21-story building collapse at Gerard Road, Ikoyi, Lagos, has now been identified.

The News Agency of Nigeria ( NAN) reports that with this the number of unidentified victims now stands at four.

Somiari, who is the Director of the Lagos State DNA and Forensic Centre, said this on Friday while testifying as to the eighth coroner witness at the inquest.

NAN also reports that testifying during proceedings on Thursday, the seventh coroner witness who is the acting Chief Medical Examiner of Lagos State, Dr Sokunle Soyemi had told the Coroner’s Court that five of the 50 victims were still unidentified.

Led in evidence by the counsel to the Lagos State government, Mr Akin George, the forensic expert said he received news on his way to the inquest that a DNA match had been established for one out of the five unidentified deceased.

“We received 57 unique samples. In disasters, there could be dismemberment and we may not have 57 bodies.

“We got a total of 102 reference samples from all families that presented and still counting because we might still need some more samples.

“Using those reference samples, we were previously able to identify 45 bodies.

“There are three bodies that have generated DNA profiles, but no reference profiles have matched those profiles.

“In such a situation, we will invite additional family members or use of personal belongings like toothbrushes to establish identity,” Somiari said.

Throwing light on why four of the deceased are yet to be identified, he revealed that profiles had been generated from the bodies, “but profiles generated from the family references did not match.

“The claimed biological reference is not what science is showing. We will use other methods like personal effects from any missing person suspected to be in the building collapse.

“This is the challenge we are facing. In most disasters, you cannot use DNA all the time to complete identification.”

Somiari, however, said the process of identifying the unknown deceased was ongoing, and additional biological material would be used to identify the bodies.

He noted that the likelihood of a DNA mismatch for all that died in the building collapse was very slim.

Under cross-examination by the counsel to the African Women Lawyers Association, Mrs Amanda Demechi-Asagba, Somiari revealed some of the challenges faced in identifying some of the deceased.

“Some families may be unaware that their loved ones are missing.

“That is why in disasters, all bodies are not always identified. There might be alternative methods that could be explored.

“That is the limitation of DNA as a reference because you will always need a reference,” he said.

The Coroner, Mr Oyetade Komolafe, adjourned proceedings until Feb. 25 for the continuation of the hearing.

NAN reports that of the three high-rise buildings (Blocks A, B, and C), which were situated on Gerard Road, Ikoyi, Lagos, Block B (21-storeys) collapsed, killing 50 persons.

One of the deceased was Mr Femi Osibona, the Managing Director of Fourscore Heights Ltd., the contractor of the project.

Read this article on the Guardian: https://guardian.ng/news/one-more-victim-of-ikoyi-building-collapse-identified-forensic-expert/

LASG engages stakeholders on gender, sexual violence

On the role of forensics in solving SGBV, Centre Director, Lagos State DNA and Forensic Center, Dr Richard Somiari, revealed that forensic evidence is most useful in ‘stranger cases’ (where the identity of the rapist is unknown to the survivor), serial cases, cases where the suspect is denying, violent cases and cases where the victim is unable to express themselves either due to age, disability or mental incapacity.

“To improve SGBV response, we must standardise education, equipment, resources and training for responders, establish a dedicated Lagos State Crime Scene Investigation Unit (LA-CSI) and enact laws that will allow the collection of DNA for entry into the Lagos State offender DNA database,” he said.

Read more…

COVID 19 EMERGENCY MEASURES AT LSD&FC

COVID 19 EMERGENCY MEASURES AT LSD&FC

Contact Number: 09055524745 or 07053939366

LSD&FC is open for business. To protect staff and all the people we serve, we strictly adhere to the Federal Government, Lagos State Government and NCDC recommendations aimed at preventing COVID 19 transmission at the workplace. All staff, clients, suppliers, and service providers are required to follow the guidelines below to enable us to serve you better and protect the health of all:

  • All casual non business-related visits are suspended until further notice.
  • Forensic evidence can be submitted Monday to Friday, 10 am – 1 pm. Call to make an appointment.
  • DNA sample collection for paternity test will take place Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Friday, 10 am – 1 pm. Call to make an appointment.
  • Only parties directly relevant to a case shall be allowed into the premises.
  • Every visitor will be screened at the gate with a body temperature reader before access is granted. Access will not be granted if an elevated body temperature is detected or the visitor looks visibly ill.
  • The use of face mask is mandatory within the premises. Access will be denied if a visitor does not have a face mask.
  • The use of a hand sanitizer at the gate house is mandatory before access is granted.
  • A 2-meter social distancing should be maintained within the premises.
  • Only one person can use the elevator at a time.

For further enquiries, please call – 09055524745. We have trained and experienced staff ready to speak with you.

Thank you for choosing us.

Otedola Bridge fire: 8 families show up for DNA testing

Eight families have showed up for DNA testing in connection with the Otedola Link Bridge fire.

The Head of the Lagos State DNA and Forensic Centre, Dr Richard Somiari, made the disclosure in an interview with the Newsmen on Thursday in Lagos.

Somiari, a forensic expert, said that more families were still expected to visit the facility in connection with the deadly explosion that occurred on June 28.

“There are two categories of people that come for the testing, those who believe strongly that their family member died and needs to be identified.

“The other category includes people who just do not know because the family person is missing.

“So, we will expect that those two categories of people will come.

Somiari said that the duration needed to complete the DNA process and results interpreted could not be ascertained because of protocols that must be followed, due to the magnitude of the accident.

According to him, there are two processes involved, including the actual DNA matching and the process by the pathologist, who takes samples from the remains that were recovered.

“The actual process in our laboratory is fast. The thing is the quality of the sample that is coming from the victim.

“So, until we get those samples from the pathologist we do not know how long it will take.

“If it is significantly degraded, then it means we have to go through multiple steps of isolation and clean up before we do the profile generation.

“These samples are not as clean as reference samples and we do not want to make a mistake in the process.

“We realise that everybody will like to get the result fast and bring a closure to this but at the same time we want to be careful. “

On July 2, the Lagos State Commissioner for Health, Dr Jide Idris, confirmed that 12 people died in the incident.

Idris said the government would be conducting DNA forensic studies so that the right bodies could be handed over to the appropriate families for proper burial.

According to him, the entire cost of management and treatment of the surviving victims and DNA forensics for the dead and their families would be borne by the state government. (NAN)

Read the story here: https://www.vanguardngr.com/2018/07/otedola-bridge-fire-8-families-show-up-for-dna-testing/